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Death from a heart attack or stroke may be the first cardiovascular disease (CVD) event in some people who smoke cigarettes and CVD is the leading adverse health effect among smokers, according to new research [...] "There is often more awareness and concern about cancer as a result of smoking than heart disease, so we wanted to better define the risks of smoking related to different types of cardiovascular disease and, most importantly, to cardiovascular death. In our analysis, even after adjusting for deaths not related to the heart [...] we found that fatal or non-fatal events related to cardiovascular disease are more likely to occur among people who smoke."