New Zealand (Aoteaora) [...] released an ‘aggressive’ action plan to be smoke-free by 2025. The goal is to reduce daily smoking in all population groups to 5% or less. The plan explicitly supports smokers who cannot quit to switch to less harmful alternatives such as vaping. It places aggressive restrictions on smoking while giving a significant advantage to vaping. [...] Australia’s approach is clearly designed to discourage vaping and this is reflected in our slowly declining smoking rate. Vaping in Australia involves a complex process of finding a doctor to write a prescription and ordering supplies from overseas or in some cases from a pharmacy.