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The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved the marketing of an electronic cigarette (e-cig) brand called Vuse (RJ Reynolds Vapor Company, US) to help aid in smoking cessation for adult smokers. It was believed that the consumption of traditional cigarettes and their harmful effects would be reduced given the availability of newer e-cigarettes. However, adolescent use of tobacco and nicotine products rather increased with the availability of the same e-cigarettes, and the FDA-approved market boom only worsened this problem. [...]

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Several associations representing some 3,000 domestic vape entrepreneurs, manufacturers, importers, and retailers have voiced their concern over the Ministry of Health's (MoH) move to equate vape with cigarettes following a recent announcement that vape will be regulated similarly to cigarettes.

The joint statement from the Malaysia Retail Electronic Cigarette Association (MRECA), Malaysian Vape Industry Advocacy (MVIA), and Dewan Perniagaan Vape Malaysia (DPVM) come in the wake of health minister Khairy Jamaluddin's 'Generation Endgame' proposal to ban the sale of cigarettes and vape products to those born after 2005.

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The proportion of Hong Kong residents who smoke cigarettes has fallen below double-digits for the first time, but vaping has jumped by nearly 150 per cent in the past two years, according to health officials.

Authorities on Thursday revealed the city’s latest smoking rate was at 9.5 per cent in 2021, dropping from 10.2 per cent in 2019. A target earlier set by the government aims to bring the rate down to 7.8 per cent by 2025.

“The [latest smoking rate] is a new low, and it is the first time we are seeing a single digit since records began,” Secretary for Food and Health Sophia Chan Siu-chee said.

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E-cigarettes are generally considered to be less dangerous for human health than combustible cigarettes, and are a promising harm reduction tool for smokers. However, despite possible health benefits compared with tobacco smoking, vaping is a potential environmental threat. Recently, dry powder inhalers—widespread medical devices routinely used to treat pulmonary diseases—were shown to have a concerning carbon footprint. Given their similarities to inhalers, the impact of e-cigarettes on planetary health can also no longer be ignored.

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The use of electronic cigarettes costs the United States $15 billion annually in healthcare expenditures—more than $2,000 per person a year—according to a study by researchers at the University of California San Francisco School of Nursing.

The study [...] is the first to look at the healthcare costs of e-cigarette use among adults 18 and older, according to the release.

“Our finding indicates that healthcare expenditures for a person who uses e-cigarettes are $2,024 more per year than for a person who doesn’t use any tobacco products,” said lead author Yingning Wang of the UCSF Institute for Health and Aging.

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“These results appear to be based on two key assumptions.

“First, that the identified associations between e-cigarette use and poor health status are caused by e-cigarettes. The majority of people who use e-cigarettes are also former or current cigarette smokers. Despite the attempts at adjustment, it is likely that at least some of the association is actually caused by cigarettes. “The second assumption appears to be that the alternative is simply that these people would not be using e-cigarettes. However, we know that e-cigarettes help people to quit smoking cigarettes and that cigarette smoking causes enormous healthcare expenditure. [...]

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There are many different types of e-cigarettes in use, also known as electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and sometimes electronic non-nicotine delivery systems (ENNDS). These systems heat a liquid to create aerosols that are inhaled by the user. These so-called e-liquids may or may not contain nicotine (but not tobacco) but also typically contain additives, flavours and chemicals that can be toxic to people’s health.

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Use of electronic (e) cigarettes appears to lead to substantially higher costs and excess use of healthcare services in the USA, suggests new research published in the journal Tobacco Control. Popularity of e-cigarettes as an alternative to traditional cigarettes and other tobacco products has grown in recent years with current use among young adults increasing from 2.4% to 7.6% between 2012 and 2018 in the USA, while e-cigarette prevalence among all adults remained stable and was 3.2% in 2018.

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Justina introduces e-cigarettes to the community smokers but must face Nyunde a local cigarettes seller whose business as been affected by this move.

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The EU Commission published yet another statement that spreads misinformation and false myths about vaping last week. The EU Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, Stella Kyriakides, questioned the effectiveness of vaping as a smoking cessation aid, attacked nicotine and claimed vaping would be a gateway to smoking.
Michael Landl, Director of the World Vapers’ Alliance, commented: “It is shocking that the EU Commission still peddles these worn-out and debunked theories. The Commission systematically ignores the wealth of scientific evidence pointing to the benefits of vaping, not to mention the first-hand experience of millions of vapers. [...]

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Anew study published in Nature Medicine found that pregnant smokers were more likely to quit when using e-cigarettes than nicotine patches. The finding is great news, because patches have “limited efficacy in this population,” as the researchers noted—and quitting smoking during pregnancy decreases the risk of a host of adverse health complications to both parent and baby.

The randomized controlled trial began in 2019, enrolling 1,140 pregnant women at 24 hospitals in the United Kingdom. Participants had a median age of 27 years, smoked an average of 10 cigarettes per day, and were on average 15.7 weeks pregnant. [...]

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The head of the FDA says the agency needs more resources to speed up its review of e-cigarettes and is avoiding making hasty decisions that could incite lawsuits from the industry.

“This is an industry that has amazing capabilities on the legal front,” Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Robert M. Califf said during a House subcommittee hearing. “If we make one single error in the process, we can be set back for years in these applications.”

 

 

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The European Commission announced that the proposal for the revised tobacco excise directive will be made public at the beginning of 2022’s fourth quarter during a digital consultation session that was held on May 18, with the participation of Commission officials and other interested parties such as retailers, associations, representatives of scientific and medical associations as well as representatives of the tobacco industry.

The Commission highlighted that tobacco taxation is outdated asit has not been revised since 2010, and does not capture the developments in the tobacco market or the inflation rates of the last decade.  

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May is Mental Health Awareness month. To mark this vital promotion of knowledge and curiosity about mental health CASAA is opening an ongoing forum and dialogue among members to shed light on the connections between combustible tobacco use and substance use and mental health challenges. We want to hear your experiences and interest in this topic. We know that as smoking has declined in the U.S. it has concentrated among persons of lower socio-economic status and people with behavioral health challenges. [...]

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At the height of the coronavirus pandemic, smoking was prohibited in all outdoor spaces if a 1.5-metre safety distance couldn't be maintained and many regions, including the Valencian Community, continue to ban smoking on bar and restaurant terraces. Now, the Ministry of Health preparing an update of the anti-smoking law, it's possible that this measure could be extended to all of Spain, and it appears that it would be little disputed.

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The two experts said despite the FCTC implementation, only 30 per cent of countries are on track to achieve the WHO adult tobacco use target of a 30 per cent reduction in prevalence by 2030, while most countries are not on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 3.4 for non-communicable diseases. Its achievement will require a much more ambitious tobacco target, they said. Prof Robert Beaglehole and Prof Ruth Bonita, who both worked with the WHO, said the missing strategy in WHO and Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) policies is harm reduction, as the number of tobacco users has barely changed since the global treaty was implemented 17 years ago.

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Hong Kong Customs have seized HK$10 million worth of products since the ban on alternative smoking products, including e-cigarettes, took effect close to a month ago.

Divisional Commander of the Air Cargo Research Division Lie Yan-ning said on Tuesday that customs had dealt with 46 related cases since the Smoking (Public Health) (Amendment) Ordinance 2021 was implemented on April 30. Around 360,000 products with an estimated market value of HK$10 million have been seized since the end of last month, and the customs arrested a man who was believed to be a driver.

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Independent retailers have shared concerns over new proposals to further restrict the advertising and promotion of vaping products by the Scottish government.

Under new plans, the advertising of e-cigarettes, through leaflets and flyers and in-store media would be banned, alongside free or cut-price samples.

The government claims more stringent measures are needed because of a rise in people taking up e-cigarettes as a “lifestyle choice” rather than to quit smoking.

In particular, it said the number of non-smoking teenagers who have tried vapes has risen.

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Almost 1,000 nicotine vapes have been seized from a West Australian business, with the health department promising more targeted operations against suspected sellers of the illegal products. More than 900 e-cigarettes and two cartons of tobacco were seized from a business that normally serves food in Bunbury after a joint operation by WA Health and police.

WA Health spokesman Dr Michael Lindsay said e-cigarettes, or vapes, were a major concern for health officials.

"It's very uncontrolled, the sorts of things that have been found in e-cigarettes include heavy metals and volatile organic compounds," he said.

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Psychoactive drugs are substances that affect the brain. They cause changes in awareness, thoughts, mood, and behavior. Depending on the substance, psychoactive drugs can cause euphoria, increased energy, sleepiness, hallucinations, and more.

Depending on the situation, the effects of psychoactive drugs may be beneficial or harmful. The phrase “psychoactive drug” often refers to illegal substances, such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), heroin, and cocaine. [...]

Nicotine, alcohol, and caffeine are all types of psychoactive substances that people frequently consume. In fact, roughly 80%Trusted Source of adult Americans consume caffeine daily.